World Ocean Resources: East Asia and Russia
Many potentially contentious political issues revolve around the world's oceans: domain, territoriality, freedom of transit, over-fishing, development of mineral resources, protection of resources, protection of marine life and environment, and much more. These issues involve, although they are certainly not limited to, two crucial world regions: East Asia and Russia.
We've compiled some links to online resources for anyone who wants to better understand ocean issues in these parts of the world, but in particular for high school debaters, who are addressing the topic of ocean exploration and development during the 2014-2015 academic year.
- Below you'll find Resources for Oceans and East Asia compiled by the KU Center for East Asian Studies (CEAS).
- Also check out these Resources on Russia and the Arctic compiled by the KU Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies (CREES.)
About the Debate Topic
This is the National 2014-2015 National High School Debate Topic from the National Speech and Debate Association.
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its non-military exploration and/or development of the Earth's oceans.
The Kansas State High School Activities Association has some additional analysis on what this topic might cover.
East Asia includes China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea and Taiwan. The maritime areas around this region include the South China Sea and the East China Sea. The resources below offer some background on longstanding issues in the region, including those that involve U.S. relations with East Asian countries.
Japanese Territorial/Naval Disputes
On the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands: http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2013/10/19/can-japan-defend-the-senkaku-islands/
Japan-Korea Dispute over Dokdo/Takeshima/Liancourt Rocks: http://thediplomat.com/2014/05/no-the-us-wont-back-south-korea-against-japan-on-dokdo/
South China Sea Issues
Japan Coast Guard and Vietnam: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/06/01/us-asia-security-vietnam-idUSKBN0EC13R20140601
Japan Coast Guard and Philippines: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/590453/patrol-boats-from-japan-to-start-arriving-in-2015
China/Vietnam Disputes in South China Sea: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-13748349
Balance of Power and US interests in the Asia Pacific
Chinese/Russian Naval Development: http://www.newsweek.com/enemy-ahoy-china-and-russia-strive-naval-supremacy-256825
China's Rise as a Threat to US Interests: http://www.academia.edu/1852274
US Pacific Interests: http://www2.gwu.edu/~sigur/assets/docs/BalancingActs_Compiled1.pdf
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, signed in 1982: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm
The 1951 Security Treaty Between the US and Japan: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/japan001.asp
The 1979 Taiwan Relations Act: http://www.taiwandocuments.org/tra01.htm
Potential resource development in the South China Sea: http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=scs
Potential resource development in the East China Sea: http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=ecs
You can find other resources for exploring East Asia on the KU Libraries' pages for East Asian Studies. Learning about another part of the world? Check out the KU Libraries' International and Area Collections.